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Japanese Verbs


Introduction

For several years I have been writing tutorials on the Japanese language for relatives and students of the language, and wish to convey my thanks to all those who have given me their compliments and support in making this online version possible. I sincerely hope that this is, and will continue to be, a clear, concise, and convenient resource for those learning or reviewing Japanese, especially the more commonly used verb conjugations with their various add-ons and combinations. Each lesson will be kept short, with a gradual and natural introduction of new words and phrases.

Please have an English-Japanese/Japanese-English dictionary and notebook handy as you study. As new words are introduced, use your dictionary to learn or check their meanings, and make a word list in your notebook to add new vocabulary to. Write down the root word as well as any conjugated forms. It's a proven fact that the process of looking up and writing vocabulary will help the learning process, along with regular reviewing. A Word Check section will be added to the bottom of some lessons to aid the reviewing process.

Please see A Bit of the Language for pronunciation guides and other relevant information.

Please note: In order to avoid getting too technical at an early stage of learning, only the most general translations and explanations of words and verb forms are given. There will always be exceptions and more to learn. Also, romaji (romanized Japanese words) used herein are written in their true, romanized form: elongated vowels are shown as such, etc.

2001 - 2013 Tim R. Matheson


Table of Contents


1. The Plain Form

2. Yodan Verbs with Base 2 + masu

3. Ichidan Verbs with Base 2 + masu

4. Base 2 + masen

5. Base 2 + mashita

6. Base 2 + masen deshita

7. desu, iru and aru

8. Base 2 + tai

9. Base 2 + mashou

10. Base 2 + nasai

11. Irregular Verbs kuru and suru

12. Forming Questions with ka

13. Base 2 + ni iku / ni kuru

14. Base 2 + nikui / yasui

15. Base 2 + sugiru

16. Base 2 + nagara

17. Base 1 + nai — The Plain Negative Form

18. Base 1 + nai deshou

19. Base 1 + nakatta

20. Base 1 + nakereba

21. Base 1 + nakereba narimasen

22. Base 1 + seru / saseru

23. Base 1 + zu ni

24. Base 3 + deshou

25. Base 3 + hazu

26. Base 3 + hou ga ii

27. Base 3 + ka dou ka

28. Base 3 + kamo shiremasen

29. Base 3 + kara

30. Base 3 + keredomo

31. Base 3 + koto ga dekimasu

32. Base 3 + koto ni shimasu

33. Base 3 + made

34. Base 3 + na

35. Base 3 + nara

36. Base 3 + (any noun)

37. Base 3 + no desu

38. Base 3 + no ni

39. Base 3 + no wa

40. Base 3 + node

41. Base 3 + noni

42. Base 3 + sou desu

43. Base 3 + tame ni

44. Base 3 + to

45. Base 3 + to omoimasu

46. Base 3 + tsumori

47. Base 3 + you desu

48. Base 4 + ba

49. Base 4 + ba ii

50. Base 4 by itself: the Plain Imperative

51. Base 4 + ru

52. Base 4 + nai

53. Base 4 + reba

54. Base 5

55. Te Form + kudasai

56. Te Form + ageru

57. Te Form + goran / goran nasai

58. Te Form + iru

59. Te Form + inai

60. Te Form + ita

61. Te Form + itadaku / morau

62. Te Form + kara

63. Te Form + kureru

64. Te Form + kuru / iku

65. Te Form + miru

66. Te Form + mo ii

67. Te Form + oku

68. Te Form + shimau

69. Te Form + wa ikaga / dou desu ka

70. Te Form + wa ikemasen

71. Te Form for Continuing Statements

72. Ta Form: The Plain Past

73. Ta Form + Combinations Shared With Base 3

74. Ta Form + bakari

75. Ta Form + koto ga aru

76. Ta Form + ra

77. Ta Form + rashii

78. Ta Form + ri

79. Ta Form + to shitara

80. Ta Form + to shite mo

81. Ta Form + toki

82. Ta Form + tokoro

Notes on Japanese Verbs

Japanese Verbs Supplement

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