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Japanese Time Related Nouns and Expressions


Present

the present: genzai
now: ima
today: kyou
this morning: kesa
this afternoon: kyou no gogo
this evening: konban
tonight: konya; kyou no yoru
this week: konshuu
this month: kongetsu
this year: kotoshi


Past

the past: kako
yesterday: kinou
yesterday morning: kinou no asa
yesterday afternoon: kinou no gogo
yesterday evening: kinou no ban
last night: sakuya; sakuban
the day before yesterday: ototoi; ototsui
two days ago: futsuka mae
three days ago: mikka mae
a few days ago: ni, san nichi mae
the other day: senjitsu
last week: senshuu
the week before last: sensenshuu
one week ago: isshuu kan mae
two weeks ago: ni shuu kan mae
three weeks ago: san shuu kan mae
a few weeks ago: ni, san shuu kan mae
last month: sengetsu
one month ago: ikka getsu mae
two months ago: ni ka getsu mae
three months ago: san ka getsu mae
a few months ago: ni, san ka getsu mae
last year: kyonen
August of last year: kyonen no hachigatsu
spring of last year: kyonen no haru
one year ago: ichi nen mae
two years ago: ni nen mae
three years ago: san nen mae
four or five years ago: shi, go nen mae
hundreds of years ago: suu hyaku nen mae
millions of years ago: nanbyaku man nen mae


Future

the future: (near future; a person's future) shourai; (far-off future; science fiction type of future) mirai
tomorrow: ashita; asu
tomorrow morning: ashita no asa
tomorrow afternoon: ashita no gogo
tomorrow evening: ashita no ban
tomorrow night: ashita no yoru
the day after tomorrow: asatte
the day after the day after tomorrow: shiasatte
two days from now: futsuka go
three days from now: mikka go
a few days from now: ni, san nichi go
next week: raishuu
the week after next: saraishuu
one week from now: isshuu kan go
two weeks from now: ni shuu kan go
three weeks from now: san shuu kan go
a few weeks from now: ni, san shuu kan go
next month: raigetsu
the month after next: saraigetsu
one month from now: ikka getsu go
two months from now: ni ka getsu go
three months from now: san ka getsu go
a few months from now: ni, san ka getsu go
next year: rainen
the year after next: sarainen
April of next year: rainen no shigatsu
summer of next year: rainen no natsu
one year from now: ichi nen go
two years from now: ni nen go
three years from now: san nen go
four or five years from now: shi, go nen go
hundreds of years from now: suu hyaku nen go
millions of years from now: nanbyaku man nen go


© Tim R. Matheson

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